Using antibiotics against diseases and using bee-repellent chemicals are usual practices in the production of conventional honey. In this process, honey may also be exposed to high temperatures since there are no limits regarding heat levels. On the other hand, no drugs or chemicals are used in the production of organic honey. When exposed to temperatures above 45°C, honey loses many of its benefits and characteristics. This is why the temperature limit is 45°C in the production of organic honey.
In the production of conventional honey, bees are not allowed to feed naturally, but are exposed to artificial feeding regimes instead. This includes feeding on white sugar syrup or substitutes like pollens. Use of drugs and agricultural pesticides, genetic modification and artificial insemination are common. Another problem is the artificial use of pheromone, a hormone that regulates sexual and social behavior, to prevent the queen from deserting the colony.
In the production of organic honey, however, bees are not fed artificially, and agricultural pesticides or artificial insemination are not used. The natural life cycle of the bees is not interfered with.